The Number One Trekking in South America

Trekking in South America: One of the good ways to tour the Torres del Paine National Park is to get into its heart through its trails, for this, there are two alternatives of different difficulty, the circuit W 60 km and the circuit 0 120 km, 5 and 10 days respectively.

Trekking in South America

Trekking in South America

The most popular is the W circuit , people travel from all corners of the world to live a unique experience with nature; with thousand-year-old glaciers, beautiful mountains that change color according to the time of day, lakes of all shades of blue that you can imagine a varied flora and fauna and a blue sky like no other.

Number One Trekking in South America

No matter how experienced you are in outdoor activities or trekking, it is not impossible to do this circuit, what if you must come prepared depending on how you plan to do it and have the will to achieve it. In addition to being in contact with such a beautiful landscape, somehow you fill with energy and strength.

Technically the circuit W is half of the circuit O , then we explain the first circuit, if you are interested in doing the circuit O at the end of this article you can continue on this link and if you need information on transport, schedules and park prices, visit the article in Torres del Paine Park .

Day 1 – Section Hotel Las Torres – Viewpoint Base of the Towers (Ascencio Valley)

In this stage, you will make the trekking to the Base Torres viewpoint, that walk that will take you to the place of the famous photos with the Torres del Paine in the background. This trek takes 3.5 hours from the Las Torres hotel,o the viewpoint. You go up the mountain, on a path of stones which makes the route somewhat strenuous.

At this point you can make your base in the following shelters:

Hotel Las Torres

An excellent 4-star hotel is offering beautiful views of the mountains and the pampas. As it is at the beginning of the trekking, it will take you 3.5 hours to reach the Torres Base, it is not ideal if you want to see the sunrise, but it is good if you do not want to trek with the weight of your things.

Refugios Torre Norte, Central and camping Las Torres

Located about 1.5 km before the start of the circuit, the shelters have bedrooms and offer meals. The campsite has hot showers and bathrooms and you can also hire food at the shelter. It has equipment rental.

Refugio Y camping El Chileno

It is an hour ‘s walk from the Hotel Las Torres, near the Torres Base viewpoint. You have the option of staying in the shelter or camping. It is a good alternative if you want to leave your things and do the trekking in two rounds.

Camp Torres

It is a free camp, without great facilities but it is the one that is closer to the Mirador Base Torres. You’ll have to carry your stuff to the end, but it’s ideal if you want to see the sunrise.

Day 2 – Las Torres Hotel – Los Cuernos Refuge

This trek is the longest stretch of the W circuit, 12 km that will take 5 hours since it is sometimes hard when you come up and down, but the beautiful landscape will encourage you to move forward. At this point you will reach the foot of Cuernos del Paine, where you can make your base in the sector in the following points:

Refugio, camping, and domes Los Cuernos

You have the option of the comforts of refuge, the adventure of the camping and the amplitude of the domes or cabins. Whatever your choice, this place at the foot of the Cuernos del Paine will give you beautiful views of the mountains and Lake Nordenskjold, for a well-deserved rest. It has food service, and the campsite has a bathroom and showers with hot water, as well as a barbecue for cooking and a small shop where it is possible to rent equipment.

Domes and French Camping

An hour’s walk from the campsite Los Cuernos, this new site allows you for camping or stay in a dome, where you are provided with a bed with a sleeping bag, as well as breakfast and packed meals.

Day 3 – Refugio Los Cuernos – Italian Camp

Surrounding the massif Paine next trek 4.5 km will not present major difficulties and will take about two hours to reach the Italian camp, start trekking towards the French Valley. Some energetic adventurers do not even stop in the Los Cuernos sector, passing directly from the Torres Base to the Valle del Francés. Everything will depend on your time and desire to continue the march.

The alternatives to rest in this sector are:

Camp Italian

Camp free, only has bathrooms, a sector to cook and the sectors to put your tent. It is a good place to base and climb towards the viewpoints of the French Valley without your backpack, an attractive alternative considering that the next section of the French Valley is uphill.

You have another alternative, you can continue on your way and make a base in British Camp, although we do not recommend this and you will see why in the next point.

Day 4 – Italian Camp – British Camp (French Valley)

From the Italian camp begins trekking of 5.5 km of great difficulty because you will have to climb approximately 400 meters on a mountainous slope, with mostly rocks, which will take you 2.5 hours. You will go up a mountain, bordering the French river of great energy and in front of the French glacier on the top of the mountain. The landscape is simply moving, and even more so when you reach the top of the viewpoint. It is the minute when everything stops, and there is only space to admire nature.

You can make a base in the British camping: Its location is privileged, it is a prize for those who are encouraged to get up with their backpacks in tow. However, it is not the option that we recommend because the walk to get to this point is not easy and if you also add the weight of the backpacks, it makes it even more difficult. It is free camping, and there are no facilities, but the good thing is that it allows you to rise in a privileged environment.

Day 5 – Italian Camp – Refuge Paine Grande

You will undertake your trekking approaching the Gray glacier, and this stretch of 7.6 km will take you 2.5 hours to the sector of Paine Grande bordering the Paine massif, walking literally on their skirts and skirting the pristine waters of Lake Pehoe. It is a walk without major difficulties, ideal to enjoy the landscape. When you get to the sector of Paine Grande you will find Lake Pehoé and a strip of flat land at the foot of the Paine that will allow you to lie down for several minutes face up, just to watch as the sun changes the tonalities of the Towers.

In this sector you can make your base in Paine Grande Shelter and Camping: The views of Lake Pehoe and Paine are wonderful, regardless of whether you stay in the comfort of the shelter or closer to nature at the campsite. The campsite has bathrooms, showers with hot water and a comfortable area to prepare your food. Equipment rental is offered.

If you are doing the W you can do your base in Paine Grande or you have the alternative to continue advancing and make a base in Refugio Gray. If you are doing the O, you will have to make your base in the next Refuge.

Day 6 – Refuge Paine Grande – Glacier Gray Viewpoint (Gray Glacier Valley)

From the Paine Grande base, continue towards the Gray Glacier. After about 1 hour, you arrive at the first viewpoint of Gray Lake, and if you have energy, and we recommend it, you should continue for about 3 hours, to complete the 14 km until you reach the second viewpoint of the Gray Lake and Glacier.

The scenery is spectacular. The proximity to the glacier will allow you to hear it creak constantly and if you are lucky, see some detachment; listening to the glacier crunch is something magical.

The Refugio y Camping Gray has located just 3 km from the viewpoint of the Gray Glacier. If you are doing the O, you will pass through this sector, and it will be the place to do your base. If you are doing the W, if you have the energy to get to this point with your things, we recommend that you spend the night in this sector, so you can live the experience of waking up next to a glacier.

The Gray shelter offers the comforts of shelter, with beds, sleeping bags and meals; the campsite has a barbecue area, bathrooms and showers with hot water at certain times. It has a small warehouse and offers the alternative of leasing equipment.

If you are doing the W, this is the last point of the circuit. What remains is to go down to Paine Grande to take the ferry back. On the contrary, if you plan to make the circuit OR  continue reading here.

11 Creative Ideas to Reuse or Recycle Aluminum

What is Aluminum?

Recycle aluminum: Aluminum is a non-ferromagnetic metal. In the earth’s crust, it is the 3rd most common element. Aluminum compounds make up 8% of the earth’s crust and are found in most rocks, vegetation, and animals.

Recycle aluminum

In the natural state, it is found in many silicates. Like metal, it is extracted only from bauxite, by transformation first into alumina through the Bayer process and then into metallic aluminum by electrolysis.

It is very useful in materials engineering, due to its low density (2,700 kg / m3) and its high resistance to corrosion. Using suitable alloys, its mechanical strength can be increased. It is a good conductor of electricity and heat, it is easily machined, and it is very cheap. It is the metal that is most used after steel.

The main drawback in its manufacture lies in the high amount of electricity required for its production. This problem is compensated by the low cost of recycling aluminum, its long useful life, and price stability.

The primary aluminum can leave the factory with different shapes and alloys. And from there it goes back to put in other factories to elaborate fuselages of airplane, cars, plates to print newspapers, window frames, products of cosmetic or simple cans of soda.

How To Recycle aluminum

The 75% of the aluminum that has been manufactured for more than 125 years (approximately 700 million tons) is still in use thanks to recycling since aluminum can be recycled infinitely many times without losing its properties. Recycling aluminum is a very profitable business; it is estimated that the Kilo can be around 0.6 Euros.

Once the aluminum reaches the recycling plant, the first step is to separate it from other metals and elements that can contaminate it through various methods. Once all the impurities are eliminated, the aluminum is pressed, packed and sent to cast iron. Later it is moved to specific plants for its return to the manufacturing chain. There, the smelter or refiner turns it into ingots or billets, which will be used to create new products.

With only 5% that is used to extract aluminum from bauxite, aluminum is extracted from all the scrap that is recycled. So, look if the recycling of this material is important, it saves 95% of the energy necessary for its manufacture. Perhaps a simple can seems little, but its value is much greater than the one that marks its price.

Research continues to discover new methods to try to recover most of the aluminum used in the industry. We recently learned that a new method had been developed in Cambridge that can separate aluminum from other components in just two minutes, ideal for the recycling of toothpaste tubes or tetra-brick containers. To do this, they introduce a mixture of carbon particles and plastic-aluminum pieces rolled in the conventional microwave and inject nitrogen to extract the air. Two or three minutes at 600 degrees later (depending on the amount). The mixture has been converted into pure aluminum shavings and hydrocarbons that can be refined to make fuel.

The researchers are now trying to expand the technique commercially. Each year 160,000 tons of laminated aluminum-plastic are produced in the United Kingdom. If recycled, 16,000 tons of aluminum could be recovered. Only the Cambridge plant is already capable of recycling 2,000 tons of waste of this type per year.

Ideas for the recycling of Aluminum

It is estimated that around twenty-five million tons are consumed in the world every year, so there is a lot of raw material. Aluminum gives a lot of play, and especially the cans of soda, here are some examples of what you can do:

1. Lamp with cans rings

Do you want to change the decoration of your house, but do not know where to start? Learn to make your lamp with the rings of the cans.

2. Christmas decorations are reusing aluminum cans

Easy to make and with a very nice result. Care when handling cans, cut easily.

3. How to make a copy of a key with a tin can

A surprising project for its originality and for its simplicity.

4. Jewelry box with a tuna can

5. Bird feeder with a can of food

A way to make a bird feeder with a can, efficiently and in a short time.

6. dAlH2Orean. First radio controlled car that works with cans rings

dAlH2Orean, the first radio-controlled car that works with aluminum cans of soda cans, or with any other aluminum residue mixed with caustic soda dissolved in water. The propulsion system is  100% clean, completely closes the life cycle of aluminum and does not generate CO2. The car, which is the result of the final project of Aleix Llovet, reaches 30 km / h and has already been patented.

7. How to turn a can into a flower for Valentine’s Day

Template and origami necessary to cut, fold and roll the aluminum can to make a beautiful Valentine gift for your partner.

8. How to make a mini alcohol stove with an aluminum can

This tutorial is going to show you how to make a small alcohol stove with aluminum can in a few minutes.

9. Tiles with aluminum Cans

10. How to make a lamp with an aluminum can

The following project will teach you how to make a lamp with aluminum cans, which can help you in situations of need or survival.

11. Planter with a box of the can

With aluminum cans and clothespins you can make some fantastic homemade pots. Making your tiles with aluminum cans can be a viable project.

12. Grater with a can

Benefits of recycling aluminum

  • The recycling of aluminum cans saves valuable natural resources, energy, time and money. The aluminum cans are unique: Within 60 days, a box is recycled and becomes a new can.
  • Aluminum is a sustainable metal and can be recycled again and again. Today it is cheaper and faster than ever to recycle aluminum efficiently. The aluminum can is 100% recyclable and can be reused indefinitely. The aluminum can is still the most recyclable of all materials.
  • In 2007, 54 billion cans were recycled, energy savings equivalent to 15 million barrels of oil or all US gas consumption in one day.