Route of the Three Refugees Practical information

Once you get to any of the beginnings of the Route of the Three Refugees, you will feel crazy to extend your trip, not having to be aware of the time, to enjoy these landscapes to the fullest. The first step you take takes you to contemplate green valleys, steep peaks, and an infinite sky both day and night.

route of the three refuges practical information

The Route of the Three Refugees runs through the Natural Park of Posets-Maladeta in the Aragonese Pyrenees and goes around the Massif of the Posets. This journey explores trails in the valleys at 1,300 m and overhangs rocky hills at 2,964 m, takes you to glacial lakes and fording rivers, resting your eyes on the peaks and birds in the air. Although it requires a good physical form and a minimum of experience in the high mountains, this itinerary is quite affordable. In addition, it is very comfortable, since it is perfectly marked and with shelters kept at a very bearable distance from each other.

Hydration Backpacks For Great Adventurers

We made the Tres Refugios route in August, and both the direction of the march and the starting point were conditioned by the availability in the shelters. However, you can start at any other point, go in the opposite direction, link with the Trans-Pyrenees Route or stay longer in the area doing ascents or small excursions. In the next post, we will detail each stage of our route and offer several options to stay more days in the area.

In this post we give you the practical information, we share our impressions and, of course, we show pictures of the three-day journey through the Aragonese Pyrenees.

Route of the Three Refugees Practical information

Ruta de Los tres Refugios is a circular route through the Aragonese Pyrenees for a minimum of 3 days. The three refuges through which this passage passes are: the refuge of Estos, the refuge of Biadós and the refuge of Ángel Orus (or Forcau). In my opinion, it is one of the routes of the high mountain of the Pyrenees easier to organize and carry out.

Accesses of the route of the three Refuges

It has three entrances: from the Estos car park, the Espigantosa car park or from the Viados car park.

Parking of Viados

It has the capacity for approx. 20-30 cars, scattered on the track, some better parked and others, in rather precarious conditions. You arrive by car to the shelter (at 1,700m). You have to travel 10 km of dirt track, partially paved, from Gistain (there is a sign for Refugio de Viados, the detour marked on our map.The track does not appear in Google Maps, it can only be seen in the Earth version ). If there are no seats available at all, you should turn around and go down until you find a space. We leave the car in front of Camping de Forcallo (1,574m, 1 km below the shelter). It took approx. 20 min. In arriving at the refuge from the campsite.

Parking of the Espigantosa (La pleta d’Estallo)

It is 1,550m high at about 5 km along the forest track of the town of Eriste and 6.3 km from the shelter Argel Orus (or Forcau) , at 2,100m high. According to MIDE, the duration of the route between the parking and the shelter is about 2 hours, + 595m. It passes through the waterfall of the Espigantosa.

From July 1 to September 12, the track between Eriste and the parking lot is closed, but there is a shuttle from Eriste (there is a parking lot next to the municipal swimming pools where you can leave your car). You can also take this shuttle in Sahun. Look at the photo to know the prices and schedules.

Schedule and departures of the shuttle bus to the parking lot to reach the refuge of Angel Orus If you prefer, you can walk; Between Eriste and the Espigantosa parking, there is approx. 1.45 hr for PR-HU 36.

Parking Estos

The Estos car park is 1,300 m, and it would have to be + 605m to reach the Estos refuge, 1,890m high. The route is less than 9 km, and it takes approx. 2.5 hrs. The road is perfectly marked as GR11 (white and red).

Where to sleep during the route of the three shelters

The classic way is to make use of the three shelters: Estos, Viados, Angel Orus. The easiest way to make the reservation is to go to the Hostels and shelters of Aragón page and make the multiple reservations. On the web, on the left side, you will see the box with shelters, shelters and other establishments. In shelters, we choose where we would spend the first night, and the system will guide you. You will have to pay a bond that is lost if you do not show up. The rest is paid in each shelter. In Estos only cash, in Angel Orus they accept credit cards.

Number One Trekking in South America

To know how much each refuge costs (they have different prices), you have to choose the refuge and go to the ” prices ” section. In the reservation, you will not see the final price, only the deposit. This website has links to all the shelters, where you can see more detailed information: what services they offer, how to get there, etc.

To sleep in the shelter, the use of a sleeping bag or saco-sabana is mandatory.

The Children and Federated have discounts.


Another option is to carry a tent. According to the rules of the park, you can camp at dusk and lift the tent at dawn. It is recommended to ask the guards for the most suitable places to camp.


One way to save night shelters (which leave approx € 16 / person), is to stay the first night in one of the campsites. We spend the night in El Forcallo (in Viados access). € 13 / both and shop. We left the car parked outside at night, and so we did not have to worry about doing it as early as possible, as the cars begin to arrive and look for parking from 7:00. This camping has hot water, bathrooms, a small restaurant where you can order lunch/dinner/ breakfast. The environment is very beautiful and quiet, as long as you get as far as possible from the generator that produces noise and nauseating smells from 9.00 until 23.00.

On the side of Estos, there are a couple of campsites where you can also stay the night of arrival and leave the car. We do not know them, but some Senderistas told us that we met along the way. In this case, it is not necessary to reach the Estos refuge if the route is made in the Angel Orus refuge direction. You can link with the GR 11.2 in the Ibonet de Bastisielles or past the Grande ibis de Bastisielles, passing through the Ibon de la Escarpinosa.

Where to eat during the route of the three shelters

In shelters or carrying food. The truth, we were surprised that 99% of the people who spend the night in the refuge order all the meals. We only went four people – us and a couple of French people – who used the kitchen.

Reflection: If they do not carry food, or bags, only sack-savannahs, nor climbing or mountaineering equipment, what will they bring in their 70 L backpacks? We, with our 30L and 35L, with food, cooking equipment, emergency kit, sacks!  and even thinking that we could have lightened the weight because there were things that we did not put (the ones in the case in ca

How to Build Emergency Shelters (Step by Step)

How to Build Emergency Shelters: In an emergency situation (night falls, bad weather, cold and other adversities) you may need to shelter yourself. The fact is that you are in the middle of the mountain and without a four-star hotel nearby. That’s why you have to know how to improvise a shelter. And it is that you will not always have the tent at hand.

How to Build Emergency Shelters (Step by Step)

All shelters consist of a structure and a cover, which can be natural or artificial. In general, it is more practical and ecological, except in an authentic emergency, to use artificial means. Except for construction time, in a cold emergency a refuge with natural resources is safer: if it is well covered and small, it will keep our heat better; For the rain, however, an artificial shelter is much better, plastic is more impermeable than hundreds of branches.

Hydration Backpacks For Great Adventurers

The fastest and most practical to use as a cover is to carry in the good backpack a plastic of approximately 2×3 meters, with holes in the edges to pass ropes or wires (sold in almost any large area or hardware store). Passing ropes through these holes, we can tie it to trees or shrubs without the need for structure, although tent pegs (winds) come well to fix it to the ground.

How to Build Emergency Shelters

Also, a layer of water or thick aluminized blanket can serve as a cover, although it will be a bit small if we are more than one. And without an emergency, if the weather is rainy, a plastic will make life easier even if you have a store. I find it hard to think how it would have been to work with clients in rivers like the Yukon without a 4×6 plastic; not to mention the jungle, where it can rain in a few minutes.

The shape also conditions the construction of shelter : the most operative are shed with one or two slopes since the tippis (Indian tents) or other forms are more complicated to make unless you have material such as a parachute or a candle.

Number One Trekking in South America

The structure can be made with simple ropes or by a complicated construction of sticks. In general, the most operative thing is to build a kind of tent with sticks. It is easily constructed with two fork-shaped poles (Y) that act as lateral supports, and a pole supported on both forks along the main support of the roof. Behind this main structure, the cover (the plastic) can be raised with two other smaller forks.

And in the case of using a natural cover, you will have to tie or place more sticks to support it (as you can see in the image on the left). Do not forget to secure the plastic to the ground by placing some stones on shelters with natural resources always require a structure, and can be covered with branches, leaves, bundles of grass, moss, grass bricks or combinations of these materials; In general, the denser the structure, the easier it will be to place material on top, and the easier it becomes waterproof. The materials that form the cover are placed from top to bottom, mounting one layer on another as if they were tiles.

Although it is difficult to get the material, all practitioners of outdoor life should be able to raise a shelter with natural means with the least possible ecological impact: thrown sticks, grass or cut cereal leaves, pruning remains (branches with leaves they are quite useful), cut scrub (where it is very abundant) … although almost everything today is illegal. But remember that your life is worth more than an alteration in the environment; A storm can have much more impact and nature recovers. Be careful out there, especially in this case with the Civil Guard: what to do the Indian is increasingly difficult.

Creative Ideas to Reuse or Recycle Aluminum

Remember that in the extreme case, a fallen tree, a dense shrub (not thorny) or a small cave can be emergency shelters that can be improved with relatively little work; getting between dry leaves can save you from dying of hypothermia. Also, parts of your sports equipment (a paragliding sail, a kayak, and even a bike) will be used as building elements in an emergency !!


  • The location is also vital when making a shelter or camping: avoid risk areas such as floods of rivers or streams, falls of stones, areas of dense vegetation or near stagnant waters with possible “inhabitants” at less annoying
  • The temperature is important: the zones oriented between the East and the South will have more sun exposure, and the sun will shine from earlier.
  • In valleys or valleys avoid the bottom: it will be colder, and too high it is easy for the wind to affect your refuge.
  • If you are in an emergency if you can camp in visible areas.

5 Best Hydration Backpacks For Great Adventurers

5 Best Hydration Backpacks For Great Adventurers

It is essential to get hydrated, whether for a day hike or several hours of cycling. The best hydration backpack will significantly facilitate such a gesture.

A bad pack of hydration does not allow you to sip water without stopping. It would also tend not to adjust appropriately to your body.

It will fatigue you consistently, especially at the back and shoulders. You will then be slowed down in your hike or course. To avoid so many problems, choose a water bag of good quality.

Hydration packs have individual compartments to hold flexible water pockets. This allows you to take liters of drinking water with you anywhere easily. The tube attached to the tank also will enable you to drink at any time without having to stop.

There is now more than one brand of hydration bags available on the market. Making the best choice in this area can however be more comfortable than it seems. There are three critical parameters to consider. This includes the type of sports activities, the number of equipment to be transported and the amount of water needed.

The models of this comparison can effectively satisfy these different criteria. They offer the best value for this type of product.

The Best Hydration Backpacks

1. Salomon ADV Skin Hydration Backpack 3 5 Set

This bag will appeal to many running enthusiasts. The fitted design and flexible sternum strap construction make it very comfortable. It comes with a built-in 500 ml tank.

The insulated sleeve inside the back pocket can also accommodate a 1.5-liter bladder. You can easily carry a large amount of water for all your sports outings.

The fabric dries quickly and keeps the body breathing. All areas of friction were made smooth.

There are several small compartments in stretch mesh on the front and sides. These provide easy access to food, clothing, and essentials. The elastic pockets at the front can bottle of any size, even 30L.

2. Camelbak Octane XCT Hydration Pack

This model features a comfortable and slightly padded hip belt for maximum load stability. The 3-liter tank is stored in a large, separate slide opening.

It can thus be filled easily without being removed from the bag. The ventilated rear panel and the pneumatic mesh harness enhance the cooling airflow.

The Quick Link system allows you to add various accessories without much difficulty. HydroGuard technology inhibits bacterial growth on the surfaces of tanks and tubes.

However, it will not protect you from pathogenic organisms. It is therefore advisable to wash the tank after each use.

The Big Bite valve is ergonomically positioned to facilitate consumption. HydroLock closure technology safely interrupts water flow.

3. Hydration Backpack Triwonder Marathoner Deluxe

This model is made from waterproof nylon and polyester mesh. This allows him to withstand all weather conditions and effectively absorb sweat.

The food and appliances you carry with this bag are also not likely to be damaged. This is true even under torrential rain.

The Triwonder Marathoner Deluxe offers the type of storage capacity of a traditional backpack. It can be used on a variety of terrains and conditions. The wide shoulder pads spread your weight as you travel while eliminating swaying.

With a weight of 250 grams, this bag is remarkably lightweight and aerodynamic. It is equipped with a 5.5-liter tank. It is sufficient capacity for the needs of your displacements.

4. Hydration pack with reflective strips Lixada Water Bag

This product is lightweight, breathable and comfortable. It is an excellent design for camping, running, cycling, mountaineering, walking, and other sporting activities.

The interior is spacious and has enough pockets for a hydration bladder of 2 liters. You can also store a bottle of 500 ml water in addition to several small objects.

The weight of the bag is correctly distributed over your shoulders thanks to a shoulder strap with the breathable design. The outer nylon shell does not let the water through, no matter how much is spilled on it. Fixed loops hold the water tube in place.

The quick-release buckle on the front makes it easy to carry and take off the bag. The reflective strips also improve visibility and safety in the dark.

5. Hydration pack ZEFAL Z Hydro

Made of waterproof nylon, the Z Light Hydro S is compact and very functional. It has several compartments for storing your various objects. Reinforced foams enhance the comfort provided by this accessory.

The adjustable straps allow you to adapt it according to your size. The built-in 2-liter tank makes it the perfect model for hiking. This water tank is also made of PEVA without BPA. This allows it to be very resistant, easy to open and easy to clean.

The supply valve is defined as a concept of automatic opening and closing. It is, therefore, easier to drink in when you are moving. The material used for its manufacture also has antimicrobial properties. You will not get sick while drinking through.

Why Use a Hydration Backpack?

Hydration packs are especially useful for mountain bikers who are less likely to adapt their equipment to their bike. With a water tank on your back, you will no longer need to catch your bottle in the cage. You will not be too bothered to put it back in place.

A hydration pack allows you to carry more fluid than you usually would with a bottle or two. The tank is conveniently stored in the back and accessory with a pipe on the shoulder. You are therefore more inclined to take more sips during your trip to avoid dehydration.

Hydration packs can usually be used to transport other items in the kit. You can store easily accessible snacks in the pockets of the belt. Extra layers and bike tools can be stored in the central part of the bag.

How to Choose a Hydration Bag?

Hydration backpacks are primarily designed to carry water and make consumption convenient and efficient. You do not have to stop or even slow down to take a sip of water. You merely enter the drink tube connected to the included water tank. The latter is sometimes referred to as ‘bladder.’

Type of activity practiced and adjustment options

When choosing a hydration pack, look for a model that suits the activities you do. Make sure there is enough space for your water and equipment. Also, check that the bag fits the length of your torso and hips.

Additional features

You should consider extra features for your bag. One of the most useful in this respect would be an on / off switch on the bite valve. Quick disconnect tubes would also be very advantageous for this kind of accessory.

Many new backpacks do not come with a hydration reservoir. They do, however, have an inner sleeve to accommodate a tank.

Different types of a backpack for hydration

The hydration bags can be in the form of a pack or a banana belt. The backpack models are specially designed for outdoor activities. This includes hiking, running, mountain biking, biking, skiing, and snowboarding.

They all have a priori hydration reservoir included. Some, however, have water bottles instead of the tank. This last concept relates mostly to a trail or running bag.

Hydration packs for hiking

These bags are very similar to standard models for hiking. They often have enough cargo space for food, clothes and other survival gear. This type of container can be used for short hikes as for multi-night expeditions.

Bike hydration packs

These models are specially designed for road cycling and mountain biking. They are compact and come in a low profile design. They are light and stable on the back and do not create much wind resistance.

The bags designed for mountain biking are relatively large. They can accommodate additional equipment, clothing, and tools. Many of them have extra-flat belts so as not to interfere with pedaling.

Running hydration packs

The bags of this design are explicitly designed for racing. Some are called race vest. Others are called backpacks. The distinction between the two is quite vague.

Racing vests

These bags look like vests and are designed to fit the body perfectly. They look like a backpack as long as they are worn on the shoulders and back.

However, they tend to be slightly more contoured and have more pockets at the front of the straps. They do not have hip belt like most bags.

Many of these bags include special compartments for storing bottles of water on the front of the straps. Most vests also contain a hydration reservoir, sometimes sold separately. This can be very accommodating for runners who like to sip a tube.

Racing backpacks

This concept is very similar to that of a backpack that you would take for a daily hike. However, it has characteristics specific to the race. This includes a streamlined design, a single waistband, and several secure access pockets.

Some bags of this type offer more storage space than vests, especially at the back. This makes it a good choice for long journeys that require a lot of food and extra clothes.

Almost all running bags contain a hydration reservoir. Many also include pockets on the shoulder straps or on the sides for storing water bottles.

Hydration packs for winter sports

These bags are intended for activities such as skiing and snowboarding. They have been designed so that the water does not freeze inside. There is often insulation on the tank and the drink tube. The bite valve can also be equipped with a lid.

Some models specifically designed for snow sports include whip points or belts. They can be used to transport a snowboard or ski.

Hydration belts

As the name suggests, this kind of bag is worn at the waist. Many of them include water bottles instead of a tank. The cargo space is smaller than that provided with most bags.

Belts can be useful for light and fast adventures like hiking, trail running or cross-country skiing. They are very accommodating if you do not have much material to carry. It is also an interesting choice to hydrate you without being disturbed in your movements.

Capacity of a bag for hydration

The hydration pack you are going to buy must have enough water and equipment to meet your needs.

Hydration tank capacity

The water has a considerable weight. You must, therefore, think about the number of loads to carry in the purchase of a hydration pack. It is not necessary to fill the tank to the brim at each exit.

To keep your weight on shorter journeys reasonable, only take the amount of water you need. A tank of 3 liters filled with half would be sufficient for a quick hike.

It would also be suitable for a more extended adventure in a warm climate. The assessment of the necessary reservoir capacity, however, is based on more technical considerations.

0.5 liter or less

Bags with minimal water capacity are often belt models with one or two bottles of water. It is the right format for light activities such as running or walking.

1 liter or 1.5 liter

This concept is an excellent choice for minimalists, kids, and bike riders. It should also be suitable for hikers and short-distance runners.

2 liters or 2.5 liters

This tank size offers a right balance between reasonable weight and volume. This also provides a sufficient amount of water with the requirement of occasional filling.

3 liters or more

A tank of this capacity is for seasoned adventurers or those who do not want to stop to restock. They are also interesting for those who explore lands where water is scarce.

Hydration bag capacity

The capacity of the hydration bags varies from less than 5 liters to about 50 liters. To determine the space you need, think about the material you will be carrying.

Will the pack be able to accommodate a jacket? Will there be enough space for some snacks? In considering the capacity of the equipment, you will have several options available.

5 liters or less

Most of these small bags are designed for light activities. This is the case of running, road cycling and ultra-light hikes. Their compact and discreet design allows you to take only the essentials. This includes extra clothes, energy bars, keys, etc.

6 to 10 liters

Many bags in this range are designed for mountain biking or trail running. They have enough space to comfortably accommodate one or two extra blankets. You could even carry food for the day and a camera.

11 to 20 liters

These medium-sized bags are often designed for hiking, mountain biking or trail running. They have extra pockets for storage needs. The larger capacity of these models allows you to carry more clothes and food. You could also add emergency equipment and additional equipment to your package.

21 liters or more

Any hydration pack of this type is often designed for hiking. They offer enough cargo space and comfort for long hikes. This type of bag also provides excellent load support features.

Adjustment criteria for a hydration pack

After defining the type and capacity of your hydration pack, you will need to make sure it fits you perfectly. For a good fit, you must have two requirements. The first is that the size should be tailored to the length of your torso rather than your overall height.

The second is that the bag has a comfortable grip on your hips. If it is a model without a hip belt, consider only the length of the torso.


The Number One Trekking in South America

Trekking in South America: One of the good ways to tour the Torres del Paine National Park is to get into its heart through its trails, for this, there are two alternatives of different difficulty, the circuit W 60 km and the circuit 0 120 km, 5 and 10 days respectively.

Trekking in South America

Trekking in South America

The most popular is the W circuit , people travel from all corners of the world to live a unique experience with nature; with thousand-year-old glaciers, beautiful mountains that change color according to the time of day, lakes of all shades of blue that you can imagine a varied flora and fauna and a blue sky like no other.

Number One Trekking in South America

No matter how experienced you are in outdoor activities or trekking, it is not impossible to do this circuit, what if you must come prepared depending on how you plan to do it and have the will to achieve it. In addition to being in contact with such a beautiful landscape, somehow you fill with energy and strength.

Technically the circuit W is half of the circuit O , then we explain the first circuit, if you are interested in doing the circuit O at the end of this article you can continue on this link and if you need information on transport, schedules and park prices, visit the article in Torres del Paine Park .

Day 1 – Section Hotel Las Torres – Viewpoint Base of the Towers (Ascencio Valley)

In this stage, you will make the trekking to the Base Torres viewpoint, that walk that will take you to the place of the famous photos with the Torres del Paine in the background. This trek takes 3.5 hours from the Las Torres hotel,o the viewpoint. You go up the mountain, on a path of stones which makes the route somewhat strenuous.

At this point you can make your base in the following shelters:

Hotel Las Torres

An excellent 4-star hotel is offering beautiful views of the mountains and the pampas. As it is at the beginning of the trekking, it will take you 3.5 hours to reach the Torres Base, it is not ideal if you want to see the sunrise, but it is good if you do not want to trek with the weight of your things.

Refugios Torre Norte, Central and camping Las Torres

Located about 1.5 km before the start of the circuit, the shelters have bedrooms and offer meals. The campsite has hot showers and bathrooms and you can also hire food at the shelter. It has equipment rental.

Refugio Y camping El Chileno

It is an hour ‘s walk from the Hotel Las Torres, near the Torres Base viewpoint. You have the option of staying in the shelter or camping. It is a good alternative if you want to leave your things and do the trekking in two rounds.

Camp Torres

It is a free camp, without great facilities but it is the one that is closer to the Mirador Base Torres. You’ll have to carry your stuff to the end, but it’s ideal if you want to see the sunrise.

Day 2 – Las Torres Hotel – Los Cuernos Refuge

This trek is the longest stretch of the W circuit, 12 km that will take 5 hours since it is sometimes hard when you come up and down, but the beautiful landscape will encourage you to move forward. At this point you will reach the foot of Cuernos del Paine, where you can make your base in the sector in the following points:

Refugio, camping, and domes Los Cuernos

You have the option of the comforts of refuge, the adventure of the camping and the amplitude of the domes or cabins. Whatever your choice, this place at the foot of the Cuernos del Paine will give you beautiful views of the mountains and Lake Nordenskjold, for a well-deserved rest. It has food service, and the campsite has a bathroom and showers with hot water, as well as a barbecue for cooking and a small shop where it is possible to rent equipment.

Domes and French Camping

An hour’s walk from the campsite Los Cuernos, this new site allows you for camping or stay in a dome, where you are provided with a bed with a sleeping bag, as well as breakfast and packed meals.

Day 3 – Refugio Los Cuernos – Italian Camp

Surrounding the massif Paine next trek 4.5 km will not present major difficulties and will take about two hours to reach the Italian camp, start trekking towards the French Valley. Some energetic adventurers do not even stop in the Los Cuernos sector, passing directly from the Torres Base to the Valle del Francés. Everything will depend on your time and desire to continue the march.

The alternatives to rest in this sector are:

Camp Italian

Camp free, only has bathrooms, a sector to cook and the sectors to put your tent. It is a good place to base and climb towards the viewpoints of the French Valley without your backpack, an attractive alternative considering that the next section of the French Valley is uphill.

You have another alternative, you can continue on your way and make a base in British Camp, although we do not recommend this and you will see why in the next point.

Day 4 – Italian Camp – British Camp (French Valley)

From the Italian camp begins trekking of 5.5 km of great difficulty because you will have to climb approximately 400 meters on a mountainous slope, with mostly rocks, which will take you 2.5 hours. You will go up a mountain, bordering the French river of great energy and in front of the French glacier on the top of the mountain. The landscape is simply moving, and even more so when you reach the top of the viewpoint. It is the minute when everything stops, and there is only space to admire nature.

You can make a base in the British camping: Its location is privileged, it is a prize for those who are encouraged to get up with their backpacks in tow. However, it is not the option that we recommend because the walk to get to this point is not easy and if you also add the weight of the backpacks, it makes it even more difficult. It is free camping, and there are no facilities, but the good thing is that it allows you to rise in a privileged environment.

Day 5 – Italian Camp – Refuge Paine Grande

You will undertake your trekking approaching the Gray glacier, and this stretch of 7.6 km will take you 2.5 hours to the sector of Paine Grande bordering the Paine massif, walking literally on their skirts and skirting the pristine waters of Lake Pehoe. It is a walk without major difficulties, ideal to enjoy the landscape. When you get to the sector of Paine Grande you will find Lake Pehoé and a strip of flat land at the foot of the Paine that will allow you to lie down for several minutes face up, just to watch as the sun changes the tonalities of the Towers.

In this sector you can make your base in Paine Grande Shelter and Camping: The views of Lake Pehoe and Paine are wonderful, regardless of whether you stay in the comfort of the shelter or closer to nature at the campsite. The campsite has bathrooms, showers with hot water and a comfortable area to prepare your food. Equipment rental is offered.

If you are doing the W you can do your base in Paine Grande or you have the alternative to continue advancing and make a base in Refugio Gray. If you are doing the O, you will have to make your base in the next Refuge.

Day 6 – Refuge Paine Grande – Glacier Gray Viewpoint (Gray Glacier Valley)

From the Paine Grande base, continue towards the Gray Glacier. After about 1 hour, you arrive at the first viewpoint of Gray Lake, and if you have energy, and we recommend it, you should continue for about 3 hours, to complete the 14 km until you reach the second viewpoint of the Gray Lake and Glacier.

The scenery is spectacular. The proximity to the glacier will allow you to hear it creak constantly and if you are lucky, see some detachment; listening to the glacier crunch is something magical.

The Refugio y Camping Gray has located just 3 km from the viewpoint of the Gray Glacier. If you are doing the O, you will pass through this sector, and it will be the place to do your base. If you are doing the W, if you have the energy to get to this point with your things, we recommend that you spend the night in this sector, so you can live the experience of waking up next to a glacier.

The Gray shelter offers the comforts of shelter, with beds, sleeping bags and meals; the campsite has a barbecue area, bathrooms and showers with hot water at certain times. It has a small warehouse and offers the alternative of leasing equipment.

If you are doing the W, this is the last point of the circuit. What remains is to go down to Paine Grande to take the ferry back. On the contrary, if you plan to make the circuit OR  continue reading here.

11 Creative Ideas to Reuse or Recycle Aluminum

What is Aluminum?

Recycle aluminum: Aluminum is a non-ferromagnetic metal. In the earth’s crust, it is the 3rd most common element. Aluminum compounds make up 8% of the earth’s crust and are found in most rocks, vegetation, and animals.

Recycle aluminum

In the natural state, it is found in many silicates. Like metal, it is extracted only from bauxite, by transformation first into alumina through the Bayer process and then into metallic aluminum by electrolysis.

It is very useful in materials engineering, due to its low density (2,700 kg / m3) and its high resistance to corrosion. Using suitable alloys, its mechanical strength can be increased. It is a good conductor of electricity and heat, it is easily machined, and it is very cheap. It is the metal that is most used after steel.

The main drawback in its manufacture lies in the high amount of electricity required for its production. This problem is compensated by the low cost of recycling aluminum, its long useful life, and price stability.

The primary aluminum can leave the factory with different shapes and alloys. And from there it goes back to put in other factories to elaborate fuselages of airplane, cars, plates to print newspapers, window frames, products of cosmetic or simple cans of soda.

How To Recycle aluminum

The 75% of the aluminum that has been manufactured for more than 125 years (approximately 700 million tons) is still in use thanks to recycling since aluminum can be recycled infinitely many times without losing its properties. Recycling aluminum is a very profitable business; it is estimated that the Kilo can be around 0.6 Euros.

Once the aluminum reaches the recycling plant, the first step is to separate it from other metals and elements that can contaminate it through various methods. Once all the impurities are eliminated, the aluminum is pressed, packed and sent to cast iron. Later it is moved to specific plants for its return to the manufacturing chain. There, the smelter or refiner turns it into ingots or billets, which will be used to create new products.

With only 5% that is used to extract aluminum from bauxite, aluminum is extracted from all the scrap that is recycled. So, look if the recycling of this material is important, it saves 95% of the energy necessary for its manufacture. Perhaps a simple can seems little, but its value is much greater than the one that marks its price.

Research continues to discover new methods to try to recover most of the aluminum used in the industry. We recently learned that a new method had been developed in Cambridge that can separate aluminum from other components in just two minutes, ideal for the recycling of toothpaste tubes or tetra-brick containers. To do this, they introduce a mixture of carbon particles and plastic-aluminum pieces rolled in the conventional microwave and inject nitrogen to extract the air. Two or three minutes at 600 degrees later (depending on the amount). The mixture has been converted into pure aluminum shavings and hydrocarbons that can be refined to make fuel.

The researchers are now trying to expand the technique commercially. Each year 160,000 tons of laminated aluminum-plastic are produced in the United Kingdom. If recycled, 16,000 tons of aluminum could be recovered. Only the Cambridge plant is already capable of recycling 2,000 tons of waste of this type per year.

Ideas for the recycling of Aluminum

It is estimated that around twenty-five million tons are consumed in the world every year, so there is a lot of raw material. Aluminum gives a lot of play, and especially the cans of soda, here are some examples of what you can do:

1. Lamp with cans rings

Do you want to change the decoration of your house, but do not know where to start? Learn to make your lamp with the rings of the cans.

2. Christmas decorations are reusing aluminum cans

Easy to make and with a very nice result. Care when handling cans, cut easily.

3. How to make a copy of a key with a tin can

A surprising project for its originality and for its simplicity.

4. Jewelry box with a tuna can

5. Bird feeder with a can of food

A way to make a bird feeder with a can, efficiently and in a short time.

6. dAlH2Orean. First radio controlled car that works with cans rings

dAlH2Orean, the first radio-controlled car that works with aluminum cans of soda cans, or with any other aluminum residue mixed with caustic soda dissolved in water. The propulsion system is  100% clean, completely closes the life cycle of aluminum and does not generate CO2. The car, which is the result of the final project of Aleix Llovet, reaches 30 km / h and has already been patented.

7. How to turn a can into a flower for Valentine’s Day

Template and origami necessary to cut, fold and roll the aluminum can to make a beautiful Valentine gift for your partner.

8. How to make a mini alcohol stove with an aluminum can

This tutorial is going to show you how to make a small alcohol stove with aluminum can in a few minutes.

9. Tiles with aluminum Cans

10. How to make a lamp with an aluminum can

The following project will teach you how to make a lamp with aluminum cans, which can help you in situations of need or survival.

11. Planter with a box of the can

With aluminum cans and clothespins you can make some fantastic homemade pots. Making your tiles with aluminum cans can be a viable project.

12. Grater with a can

Benefits of recycling aluminum

  • The recycling of aluminum cans saves valuable natural resources, energy, time and money. The aluminum cans are unique: Within 60 days, a box is recycled and becomes a new can.
  • Aluminum is a sustainable metal and can be recycled again and again. Today it is cheaper and faster than ever to recycle aluminum efficiently. The aluminum can is 100% recyclable and can be reused indefinitely. The aluminum can is still the most recyclable of all materials.
  • In 2007, 54 billion cans were recycled, energy savings equivalent to 15 million barrels of oil or all US gas consumption in one day.

Outdoor Art

Outdoor Art: Being able to see different works of art and ours without having to enter a gallery or museum is more fun and fascinating than you think. It gives you the chance to see some of the greatest works of art in the world, thematic samples and even new proposals that may be your favorites.

Outdoor Art 

We talk about the space that includes the walk of the reform between the roundabout of the Diana Huntress and the roundabout of the winged freedom or angel of independence. In this area samples of pieces are made that will make you have a great approach to art and enjoy with your family.

The best thing about this space is that you can enjoy it without limitations, here you can go with your family on roller skates, biking, walking, take your dog for a walk and have drinks or a snack while you enjoy these exhibitions.

Throughout the year you can enjoy different exhibitions that change according to temporarily. Recently we were able to appreciate pieces related to American football and teams that would play in the Super bowl. During the months of October and November, you can see a sample of monumental inebriates that, after parading through the streets of the center, stay for a few days to appreciate them.

If you like photography, an open space where you can find samples is in the grate of Chapultepec Castle.